This concluding chapter reflects on important changes and future reforms that Japan needs to work on if it wishes to reduce sex segregation, not only at the organizational level, but also in management structures, the labor market, and the overall employment picture. It argues that the main reason why there has been little change in the state/business-led institutional dependence in Japan is the Japanese business culture's style of conformity management, characterized by a reluctance to implement necessary innovations and liberal reforms or to diversify and mobilize the labor market. Japanese management places too much emphasis on conformity, and the elderly dominate Japan's decision making, which makes change extremely difficult. With lifelong employment and seniority further sustaining the continuation of male dominance, women's low status will continue to be blocked by this organizational inertia.
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