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Unclear PhysicsWhy Iraq and Libya Failed to Build Nuclear Weapons$
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Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702785

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702785.001.0001

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Crises and a Crash Program, 1988–1991

Crises and a Crash Program, 1988–1991

Chapter:
(p.103) Chapter 4 Crises and a Crash Program, 1988–1991
Source:
Unclear Physics
Author(s):

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501702785.003.0005

This chapter narrates how tensions came to a head when the leaders of the nuclear weapons program accused the military–industrial complex of delaying their progress. After Jafar Dhiya Jafar and Humam Abdul Khaliq clashed with Hussein Kamil, Saddam Hussein's powerful son-in-law (and minister of military industries), Kamil took charge of the program. The program was split into two tracks, focusing on different enrichment technologies. Each was subject to more scrutiny and pressure to deliver. As the war with Iran came to an end in the fall of 1988, both tracks were making progress toward large-scale production of fissile material. Meanwhile, a dedicated group was developing a weapons design.

Keywords:   Jafar Dhiya Jafar, Humam Abdul Khaliq, Saddam Hussein, Hussein Kamil, Iran, nuclear weapons program

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