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Unclear PhysicsWhy Iraq and Libya Failed to Build Nuclear Weapons$
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Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702785

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702785.001.0001

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Sanctions, Centrifuges, and Exit, 1989–2003

Sanctions, Centrifuges, and Exit, 1989–2003

(p.196) Chapter 8 Sanctions, Centrifuges, and Exit, 1989–2003
Unclear Physics

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer

Cornell University Press

This chapter narrates the period between 1989 and 2003 when the Libyan nuclear weapons program took a clandestine turn while the regime's ambivalence on the nuclear question deepened. The regime pursued reintegration into the global society and economy, reorganized the nuclear weapons program and turned to the black market. A senior regime figure, Matuq M. Matuq, took charge of the program and attempted to secretly purchase a complete turnkey centrifuge plant. But the program continued to fail, even after the scientists received thousands of centrifuge components, because the Libyan nuclear establishment lacked the capacity to operate this technology and fix problems that emerged along the way.

Keywords:   nuclear weapons program, Matuq M. Matuq, nuclear weapons, nuclear establishment, black market, Libya

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