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The Gulag After StalinRedefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964$
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Jeffrey S. Hardy

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702792

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.001.0001

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Reorienting the Aims of Imprisonment

Reorienting the Aims of Imprisonment

Production, Reeducation, and Control

Chapter:
(p.58) 2 Reorienting the Aims of Imprisonment
Source:
The Gulag After Stalin
Author(s):

Jeffrey S. Hardy

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0003

This chapter discusses how the three aims of the Gulag—economics, reeducation, and control—were restructured in the post-Stalin era. During the 1950s, the three aims of the Gulag were debated heavily at multiple levels within the penal apparatus. The orientation of change in this period was decidedly toward reeducation, with a smaller but growing movement toward increased control, but in the end a lasting commitment toward reeducation was only partially realized. Whether for lack of alternative indicators of reeducation or because of the continued emphasis on plan fulfillment, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) in 1958 and 1960 reaffirmed the principle of rewarding its Gulag officials according to production figures alone.

Keywords:   post-Stalin era, Soviet penal system, penal reform, Gulag, reeducation, economics, production

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