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Architects of OccupationAmerican Experts and Planning for Postwar Japan$
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Dayna L. Barnes

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501703089

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501703089.001.0001

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Behind the Curtain

Behind the Curtain

(p.1) Introduction Behind the Curtain
Architects of Occupation

Dayna L. Barnes

Cornell University Press

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Allied occupation of Japan. Between 1939 and 1945, American policymakers decided to reorient rather than punish postwar Japan. They hoped to transform the current enemy into a “responsible” international actor through a short American-led military occupation. The political, religious, and even linguistic makeup of an ancient and deeply patriotic nation would be changed; Imperial Japan's colonial possessions would be liberated or redistributed. American intervention was expected to remake Japan into a pacifist economic power supportive of a postwar American order. However, President Franklin Roosevelt, congressmen, popular media figures, and high-level officials all opposed the plan at different points.

Keywords:   Allied occupation, Japan, American policymakers, postwar Japan, American-led occupation, military occupation, Imperial Japan, postwar American order, Franklin Roosevelt

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