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Samurai to SoldierRemaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan$
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D. Colin Jaundrill

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501703096

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.001.0001

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Rising Tensions and Renewed Reform, 1860–1866

Rising Tensions and Renewed Reform, 1860–1866

(p.47) 2 Rising Tensions and Renewed Reform, 1860–1866
Samurai to Soldier

D. Colin Jaundrill

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows the military reforms of the late 1850s, which were intended as a response to the perceived threat of foreign military incursions in the wake of the Perry expedition. Unlike the initiatives of the previous decade, the military reform programs of the early 1860s constituted pragmatic responses to the various military challenges posed by both foreign powers and internal rivals. The internal politics of the warrior status group undercut otherwise ambitious attempts to incorporate new technology and revamp existing military organizations. Despite lackluster results, these reforms continued through the early months of the 1860s without any impetus for further reaching reforms.

Keywords:   military reforms, foreign military incursions, Perry expedition, internal politics, warrior status group

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