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Samurai to SoldierRemaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan$
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D. Colin Jaundrill

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501703096

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.001.0001

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(p.178) Conclusion
Samurai to Soldier

D. Colin Jaundrill

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter reiterates that the transformation of military service from an aspect of social status to a national obligation was the product of a forty-year process of change that ended the sociomilitary order of the Tokugawa period and brought about the establishment of a modern conscript army. This process began in the latter decades of the Tokugawa period as both central and regional authorities attempted to adopt a new military technology—Takashima-ryū musketry—in order to meet the challenge of encroaching empires. The masters of this self-proclaimed “Western-style” school rose to countrywide prominence in the 1840s and soon found themselves playing a leading role in both shogunal and domainal military reforms.

Keywords:   military service, national obligation, sociomilitary, conscript army, Tokugawa period, Western style, military reform, shogunal

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