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CornellA History, 1940-2015$
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Glenn C. Altschuler and Isaac Kramnick

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801444258

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801444258.001.0001

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The Cold War at Cornell

The Cold War at Cornell

(p.74) 3 The Cold War at Cornell

Glenn C. Altschuler

Isaac Kramnick

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the anticommunist hysteria—the phenomenon known as McCarthyism—that engulfed Cornell University during the Cold War. It begins with an overview of the controversy involving two Russian émigrés, Joshua Kunitz and Vladimir Kazakevich, who had been hired to teach in the university's Intensive Russian Language and Culture Program. It then considers how Edmund Ezra Day and his successor, Deane Waldo Malott, addressed the issue of communism on campus. It also discusses Robert Fogel's role in putting Marxism on the postwar campus map; the House of Representatives's indictment of Cornell zoology professor Marcus Singer for contempt; and the involvement of two acting university presidents between June 1949 and July 1951, Cornelis de Kiewiet and Theodore P. Wright, in controversies over academic freedom issues that rocked the campus. The chapter shows that Cornell did not purge left-leaning faculty members and refused to exclude unpopular ideas from the institution's definition of academic freedom.

Keywords:   anticommunist hysteria, Cornell University, Cold War, Edmund Ezra Day, Deane Waldo Malott, communism, Robert Fogel, Marxism, academic freedom, left-leaning faculty

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