This chapter examines the Soviet government's attempts to control reproduction by outlawing abortion and offering financial rewards to women with seven or more children, along with other measures such as childraising programs. The chapter first discusses how Soviet officials sought to address declining birthrates in the country by discouraging contraception, banning abortion, regulating sexuality and reproductive health, promoting motherhood and family, and opposing the eugenics movement. It then places these reproductive policies in comparative context by analyzing how the shift toward state interventionism assumed a particular form. It shows that Soviet pronatalist policies undermined parental authority and gave rise to extrafamilial youth organizations.
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