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Constructing GrievanceEthnic Nationalism in Russia's Republics$
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Elise Giuliano

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801447457

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801447457.001.0001

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Nationalism in a Socialist Company Town

Nationalism in a Socialist Company Town

Tatars, Russians, and the Kamskii Automobile Works in Naberezhnye Chelny

(p.126) 5 Nationalism in a Socialist Company Town
Constructing Grievance

Giuliano Elise

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the level of nationalist mobilization in a Tatarstan city, Naberezhnye Chelny. The majority of the residents of Naberezhnye Chelny were employed by a single state enterprise: the Kamskii Automobile Works (KamAZ). In the city's labor market, many Tatars were disadvantaged compared with Russians, but they also experienced significant social mobility due to Soviet development and ethnic affirmative action policies. Tatar nationalists downplayed this social mobility and chose to emphasize blocked opportunity and ethnic economic inequality at KamAZ. This chapter first provides an overview of the ethnicity of the KamAZ workforce before discussing how the people of Naberezhnye Chelny came to support nationalism in their city.

Keywords:   nationalist mobilization, Tatarstan, Naberezhnye Chelny, Kamskii Automobile Works, Tatars, Russians, social mobility, ethnic economic inequality, ethnicity, nationalism

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