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Constructing GrievanceEthnic Nationalism in Russia's Republics$
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Elise Giuliano

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801447457

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801447457.001.0001

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Secessionism from the Bottom Up

Secessionism from the Bottom Up

Democratization, Nationalism, and Local Accountability in Russia

(p.185) 7 Secessionism from the Bottom Up
Constructing Grievance

Giuliano Elise

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the secessionist campaigns launched by Russia's republics in the early 1990s. More specifically, it examines why some republics made strong demands on Moscow for increased autonomy, sovereignty, or even independence while others did not. After describing republican campaigns for sovereignty, the chapter codes republican secessionism based on actions initiated by the republics as well as their responses to policies initiated by Moscow. It then considers how democratization at the center produced a shift in political accountability and how mass nationalist mobilization influenced republican separatist campaigns. It also presents evidence showing how secessionism relates to ethnic mass demonstrations and ethnic violence. It concludes with a discussion of how mass nationalism affected the secessionist campaigns of three republics: Tuva, Yakutia, and Mari El.

Keywords:   secessionism, Russia, sovereignty, democratization, political accountability, nationalist mobilization, mass demonstrations, ethnic violence, nationalism

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