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Sarajevo, 1941-1945Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Hitler's Europe$
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Emily Greble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449215

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449215.001.0001

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Dilemmas of the New European Order

Dilemmas of the New European Order

The Muslim Question and the Yugoslav Civil War

(p.148) 5 Dilemmas of the New European Order
Sarajevo, 1941-1945

Emily Greble

Cornell University Press

This chapter explores Muslim efforts to craft an autonomous and future-oriented policy in the midst of civil and world wars. It begins with an overview of Sarajevo's experience with the largest armed resistance movements—the Partisans and Chetniks—analyzing how these movements developed early in the war, what they stood for, and how the Ustashas and the Germans responded to them. Although Sarajevans showed very little support for the armed insurgents, the Ustashas and Germans feared that mass discontent over food, housing, health care, and refugee policies indicated that the city might be preparing for an uprising. These fears led to a spike in police brutality, which in turn contributed to a surge in efforts among the local Muslim elite to break from the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). The new Muslim movements developed into the purest example of collaboration that wartime Bosnia had to offer: the Handžar Division. By examining the internal rifts within the Muslim leadership and the diverse factions that eventually came to support a Muslim-German alliance, the chapter suggests that Muslims aligned with the Germans because they desired a political stake in the new order and an army that could compete against the Partisans, Chetniks, and Ustashas.

Keywords:   Sarajevo, Muslims, Handžar Division, Muslim-German alliance, armed resistance movements, Partisans, Chetniks

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