Military Integration, 1950–1954
This chapter addresses the following questions: Why did the French agree to create a military community in 1952? Having signed the European Defense Community (EDC) treaty, why did they subsequently refuse to ratify it and instead seek German membership in the Western European Union (WEU) and NATO in 1954? Why did West Germany welcome the French proposal for a Europe an army and sign and ratify the EDC treaty? And why did Britain refuse to become involved in the EDC negotiations? It argues that these events were the consequence of balance of power politics: the power configuration that made European cooperation in heavy industry possible remained in force, and each state chose to engage in or forego integration based on balance of power calculations.
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