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MacArthur in AsiaThe General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea$
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Hirosh Masuda

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449390

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.001.0001

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The Demilitarization of Japan, August 1945 to December 1947

The Demilitarization of Japan, August 1945 to December 1947

(p.193) 10 The Demilitarization of Japan, August 1945 to December 1947
MacArthur in Asia

Hiroshi Masuda

, Reiko Yamamoto
Cornell University Press

On August 30, 1945, MacArthur landed safely in Japan and from Atsugi Airfield headed for his accommodation at the Hotel New Grand in Yokohama. The U.S. Army had requisitioned the Yokohama Customs Building near the hotel and this became the Headquarters of the U.S. Army forces in the Pacific (GHQ/AFPAC). The 3rd U.S. Pacific Fleet under Admiral William F. Halsey and the USS Missouri with 258 ships had entered Tokyo Bay, carefully avoiding mines and other obstacles as well as Japanese fishing boats. On September 2, the formal ceremony of surrender was conducted on board the Missouri in Tokyo Bay. This chapter discusses the surrender of Japan and the beginning of the Allied occupation; the establishment of the General Headquarters of the supreme commander of the Allied Powers (GHQ/SCAP) and the departure of Lieutenant General Richard Sutherland; the disarmament of the Japanese military and the arrest of war criminals; the meeting between MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito; and disease and food shortages in Japan.

Keywords:   Douglas MacArthur, Japanese surrender, Allied occupation, Yokohama, Japanese military, disarmament, war criminals, food shortage, U.S. Army

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