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Between Two MotherlandsNationality and Emigration among the Greeks of Bulgaria, 1900-1949$
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Theodora Dragostinova

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449451

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449451.001.0001

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Nationality and Shifting Borders, 1912–1918

Nationality and Shifting Borders, 1912–1918

(p.77) 3 Nationality and Shifting Borders, 1912–1918
Between Two Motherlands

Theodora Dragostinova

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how shifting borders—due to the Balkan Wars and World War I—resulted in initiatives that homogenized the people of Bulgaria by changing the collective identifications of the country's diverse inhabitants. Between 1912 and 1918, the Bulgarian territory changed four times, and each of these territorial changes culminated in extensive population movements and nationalization campaigns. Many of its new inhabitants, previously accustomed to the ethnic diversity typical of the Ottoman Empire, were transformed into minorities. The new minorities often became refugees, and these refugees exerted pressures on other minority populations in their new nation-states, demonstrating the interrelatedness of homogenizing campaigns and minority policies in the entire area.

Keywords:   Balkan Wars, World War I, Ottoman Empire, ethnic diversity, minorities

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