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Between Two MotherlandsNationality and Emigration among the Greeks of Bulgaria, 1900-1949$
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Theodora Dragostinova

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449451

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449451.001.0001

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An Exercise in Population Management, 1919–1925

An Exercise in Population Management, 1919–1925

(p.117) 4 An Exercise in Population Management, 1919–1925
Between Two Motherlands

Theodora Dragostinova

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the Convention for Emigration of Minorities signed by Bulgaria and Greece in 1919. The Convention detailed the voluntary emigration of minorities between the two Balkan countries. This was the first experiment of controlled “ethnic unmixing”—implemented by the newly constituted League of Nations after the war—which aimed to demonstrate that a peaceful emigration of minorities, based on “the desire of those interested,” could occur. The agreement targeted approximately 350,000 individuals in both countries, and half of the minority populations were expected to emigrate. These included roughly eighty thousand Bulgarian Greeks, some of them already in Greece and others still in Bulgaria.

Keywords:   Convention for Emigration of Minorities, Bulgaria, Greece, ethnic unmixing, League of Nations, Bulgarian Greeks

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