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The Pseudo-Democrat's DilemmaWhy Election Monitoring Became an International Norm$
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Susan D. Hyde

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449666

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449666.001.0001

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Does Election Monitoring Matter?

Does Election Monitoring Matter?

(p.126) 4 Does Election Monitoring Matter?
The Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma

Susan D. Hyde

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows that the presence of international observers correlates with several types of costs to incumbent leaders. It also demonstrates that international observers can have a direct deterrent effect on election day fraud. By causing a reduction in vote share through fraud deterrence, at the very least election monitors make it more difficult for pseudo-democrats to steal elections—a cost that must exist for election monitoring to be a credible signal of a government's commitment to democratic elections. The chapter further shows also that for true democrats, the same cost does not exist. It presents evidence that observers can have unintended consequences that help incumbent true democrats.

Keywords:   international election monitoring, election observation, national elections, pseudo-democrats, election fraud, incumbent leaders

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