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The Pseudo-Democrat's DilemmaWhy Election Monitoring Became an International Norm$
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Susan D. Hyde

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449666

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449666.001.0001

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The Quality of Monitoring and Strategic Manipulation

The Quality of Monitoring and Strategic Manipulation

(p.158) 5 The Quality of Monitoring and Strategic Manipulation
The Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma

Susan D. Hyde

Cornell University Press

This chapter provides support for the claim that the normalization of election monitoring, including improvement in the quality of monitoring and the growing number of pseudo-democrats who invite observers, should increase the use of strategic election manipulation. It shows that even well-entrenched autocratic leaders such as Vladimir Putin of Russia and Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe are willing to devote significant effort to manipulating public perceptions of election-monitors' judgments. This is further evidence that the norm exists and reflects the pseudo-democratic response to the norm. The chapter also provides evidence that efforts by pseudo-democrats to conceal election manipulation triggered an evolving game of strategy between international observers, pseudo-democrats, and pro-democracy actors.

Keywords:   international election monitoring, international norms, normalization, election manipulation, pseudo-democrats

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