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Small WorksPoverty and Economic Development in Southwestern China$
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John A. Donaldson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449680

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449680.001.0001

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Migration

Migration

Go East, Young Man (and Woman)

Chapter:
(p.78) 4 Migration
Source:
Small Works
Author(s):

John A. Donaldson

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449680.003.0004

This chapter examines the impact of migration on economic growth and poverty reduction in Guizhou and Yunnan. For Guizhou, migration helped reduce poverty, even though the modest remittances contributed little to economic growth. The mobile Guizhou labor force contributed primarily to GDP growth in other provinces. For Yunnan, migration was a missed opportunity. Few rural residents migrated, thus limiting potential remittance income. Had the Yunnan government adopted policies promoting vocational training and other forms of job support, and promoting the construction of rural roadways, the inability or unwillingness of potential migrants to accept the risks inherent in migration might have been overcome. By encouraging migration, the Yunnan government might also have reduced poverty within the province.

Keywords:   migration, economic growth, poverty reduction, Guizhou province, Yunnan province, labor force mobility, remittance income

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