Go East, Young Man (and Woman)
This chapter examines the impact of migration on economic growth and poverty reduction in Guizhou and Yunnan. For Guizhou, migration helped reduce poverty, even though the modest remittances contributed little to economic growth. The mobile Guizhou labor force contributed primarily to GDP growth in other provinces. For Yunnan, migration was a missed opportunity. Few rural residents migrated, thus limiting potential remittance income. Had the Yunnan government adopted policies promoting vocational training and other forms of job support, and promoting the construction of rural roadways, the inability or unwillingness of potential migrants to accept the risks inherent in migration might have been overcome. By encouraging migration, the Yunnan government might also have reduced poverty within the province.
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