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An Education in PoliticsThe Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind$
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Jesse H. Rhodes

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449710

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449710.001.0001

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A New Federal Role Is Born, 1993–1994

A New Federal Role Is Born, 1993–1994

(p.96) 4 A New Federal Role Is Born, 1993–1994
An Education in Politics

Jesse H. Rhodes

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the period of 1993–1994, which witnessed enactment of the Goals 2000: Educate America Act and the Improving America's Schools Act. It begins by examining states' responses to the standards-based education reform agenda, illustrating how the decentralized policy responses of state and local governments continued to bound that agenda. It then traces the efforts of business entrepreneurs and civil rights entrepreneurs to induce federal officials to endorse a dramatic expansion of federal leadership of standards-based school reform. After suggesting how the agenda of business entrepreneurs and civil rights entrepreneurs was molded by the structure of existing institutions and interests, it shows that this agenda nonetheless drew political sustenance from its relatively broad base of political support. The conclusion previews how the developments described in this chapter shaped the prospects for the subsequent evolution of education policymaking in the 1990s and early 2000s.

Keywords:   education reform, education policy, Goals 2000: Educate America Act, Improving America's Schools Act, standards-based school reform

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