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Philosophers in the "Republic"Plato's Two Paradigms$
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Roslyn Weiss

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449741

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449741.001.0001

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Philosophers by Design I

Philosophers by Design I

The Making of a Philosopher

(p.49) 2 Philosophers by Design I
Philosophers in the "Republic"

Roslyn Weiss

Cornell University Press

In Books 2–5 Socrates constructs for Glaucon (and, to a lesser extent, for Adeimantus) a city that he will later call “the beautiful city” (kallipolis—7.527c). Callipolis is a city marked by repression, social stratification, and discipline—in accordance with Glaucon's ideals; but Socrates at 6.503b places philosophers at its helm. These philosophers, designed specifically for Callipolis, come to philosophy by coercion and are made to rule against their will. This chapter is devoted to these philosophers, specifically their nature and education. It asks: Are the philosophers designed by the founders of Callipolis from 6.502c through the end of Rep. 7 up to the task?

Keywords:   Plato, Republic, Socrates, philosophers, Glaucon, Callipolis

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