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By Sword and Plow – France and the Conquest of Algeria - Cornell Scholarship Online
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By Sword and Plow: France and the Conquest of Algeria

Jennifer E. Sessions


In 1830, with France's colonial empire in ruins, Charles X ordered his army to invade Ottoman Algiers. Victory did not salvage his regime from revolution, but it began the French conquest of Algeria, which was continued and consolidated by the succeeding July Monarchy. This book explains why France chose first to conquer Algeria and then to transform it into its only large-scale settler colony. It also sheds light on policies whose long-term consequences remain a source of social, cultural, and political tensions in France and its former colony. The French expansion in North Africa was rooted ... More

Keywords: France, Charles X, Algeria, settler colony, French expansion, North Africa, French monarchy, modern France

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780801449758
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449758.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jennifer E. Sessions, author
Associate Professor of History and Director of the Crossing Borders Program, the University of Iowa

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