The Emergence of the Foreign Ministry
This chapter discusses the emergence of the foreign ministry, using the history of the Norwegian foreign service as an example. It first details how the Danish conglomerate state evolved a separate foreign ministry in 1772. It then introduces the Swedish–Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) in its capacity as the main point of departure for the foundation of the Norwegian MFA in 1905. Norway is typical of the great majority of the world's 203 states in having gained its sovereignty and formed a foreign ministry only in the twentieth century. Thus, the genealogy of the Norwegian MFA should also throw light on the general emergence of foreign ministries and the effects on the conduct of diplomacy.
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