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Mobilizing RestraintDemocracy and Industrial Conflict in Post-Reform South Asia$
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Emmanuel Teitelbaum

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449949

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449949.001.0001

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Democracy, Union-Party Ties, and Industrial Conflict

Democracy, Union-Party Ties, and Industrial Conflict

(p.85) Chapter 4 Democracy, Union-Party Ties, and Industrial Conflict
Mobilizing Restraint

Emmanuel Teitelbaum

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the relationship between political competition and industrial protest using data from fifteen Indian states and original survey and in-depth interview data gathered in four regions of South Asia (Sri Lanka and the Indian states of Kerala, Maharashtra, and West Bengal). Data from the fifteen Indian states demonstrate a negative relationship between political competition and industrial protest while original survey data help to establish the causal mechanism at work, namely the strength of union-party ties. Survey results show that regions with democracy and a high presence of major party unions (MPUs) experience less protest than regions with less democracy and union movements that are dominated by narrow interest unions (NIUs). Unions controlled by major political parties are less likely to go on strike and less likely to engage in violence than workers controlled by NIUs.

Keywords:   political competition, industrial protest, India, major party unions, political parties, narrow interest unions, labor unions, union-party ties, democracy

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