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China's Regulatory StateA New Strategy for Globalization$
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Roselyn Hsueh

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449956

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.001.0001

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Telecommunications and Textiles

Telecommunications and Textiles

Two Patterns of State Control

(p.45) 3 Telecommunications and Textiles
China's Regulatory State

Roselyn Hsueh

Cornell University Press

Since 1978, the Chinese government adopted successive generations of economic reforms ranging from the restructuring of state-owned enterprises and administrative bureaucracies to liberalizing foreign direct investment (FDI) on the macro level. Yet these sweeping changes have been selectively applied to telecommunications and textiles. Between 1978 and 1993, one overarching sector-specific ministry supervised textile manufacturing and internal market developments across subsectors. Two ministries supervised telecommunications equipment and services, and provincial telecommunications administrations and different ministries operated telecommunications networks. This chapter explains how the government deliberately enhanced its control to reduce regulatory fragmentation, manage competition, and maintain infrastructure ownership in telecommunications; and how a centrally organized textile industry at the beginning of the reform era becomes one of China's most market-oriented industries in the twenty-first century.

Keywords:   state control, telecommunications industry, textile industry, industry regulation

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