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Exclusions – Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945 - Cornell Scholarship Online
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Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Julie Fette


In the 1930s, the French Third Republic banned naturalized citizens from careers in law and medicine for up to ten years after they had obtained French nationality. In 1940, the Vichy regime permanently expelled all lawyers and physicians born of foreign fathers and imposed a two percent quota on Jews in both professions. On the basis of extensive archival research, this book finds that doctors and lawyers themselves, despite their claims to embody republican virtues, persuaded the French state to enact this exclusionary legislation. At the crossroads of knowledge and power, lawyers and doctor ... More

Keywords: naturalized citizens, French Third Republic, nationality, Vichy regime, lawyers, physicians, exclusionary legislation, xenophobia, anti-Semitic policies

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Julie Fette, author
Associate Professor of French Studies, Rice University