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ExclusionsPracticing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945$
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Julie Fette

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction

Julie Fette

Cornell University Press

This book examines how professionalization became intertwined with xenophobia and economic self-defense in the French Third Republic. Focusing on the fields of law and medicine within the complex setting of interwar and Vichy France, it considers the rise of a social movement that lobbied for state intervention to exclude undesirable competitors from these professions. More specifically, it explores how lawyers and physicians, complaining that their professions were overcrowded with foreigners and naturalized citizens, persuaded legislators to create a second-class level of citizenship in France. These lobbying efforts led to exclusionary legislation imposing a two percent quota on Jews in both legal and medical professions. The book discusses three motivations behind this exclusionary movement: prejudice, economic protectionism, and professional identity-formation.

Keywords:   xenophobia, French Third Republic, social movement, lawyers, physicians, naturalized citizens, Jews, exclusionary legislation, prejudice, economic protectionism

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