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ExclusionsPracticing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945$
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Julie Fette

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001

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The Nineteenth-Century Origins of Exclusion in the Professions

The Nineteenth-Century Origins of Exclusion in the Professions

(p.6) Chapter 1 The Nineteenth-Century Origins of Exclusion in the Professions

Julie Fette

Cornell University Press

This chapter traces the origins of professional exclusion in the nineteenth century. It begins with an overview of the field of medicine during the period and goes on to consider the ways that physicians tried to gain dominance over other healers and a monopoly over health care practice in France. It then looks at the legal field during the period, with particular emphasis on how lawyers tried to raise the reputation of their profession. It also discusses the success and prestige of both the medical and the legal professions in the latter part of the nineteenth century, as seen in the number of doctors and lawyers elected to parliament in the French Third Republic, as well as women's access to the medical and legal fields. Finally, it examines the lobbying efforts by French doctors and medical students to protect their field against foreigners, paving the way for exclusionary legislation in the 1890s that abolished recognition of foreign medical diplomas and added many obstacles for foreign medical students in France.

Keywords:   medicine, physicians, health care, France, lawyers, parliament, women, medical students, foreigners, exclusionary legislation

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