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ExclusionsPracticing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945$
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Julie Fette

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001

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Defense of the Corps

Defense of the Corps

The Medical Mobilization against Foreigners and Naturalized Citizens

(p.30) Chapter 2 Defense of the Corps

Julie Fette

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the movement to protect the French medical profession against foreigners and naturalized citizens during the interwar period. It first considers the issue of overcrowding in the French medical profession, along with the scapegoating of foreigners as the cause of overcrowding and the source of unfair competition in the field. It then discusses the burgeoning movement against foreigners in French medicine, the Armbruster law of 1933, the role of anti-Semitism in the exclusion of Romanians from French medicine, and the intensification of mobilization against foreigners and naturalized citizens in medical circles. It also looks at the strike launched by medical students in France as part of a nationwide student movement against foreigners in all disciplines. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the Cousin-Nast law of 1935, the persistence of exclusionism during the period 1935–1940, and how the shortage of physicians during World War II affected restrictionism against foreigners and naturalized citizens.

Keywords:   medical profession, foreigners, naturalized citizens, Armbruster law, anti-Semitism, strike, medical students, Cousin-Nast law, exclusionism, physicians

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