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ExclusionsPracticing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945$
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Julie Fette

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001

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Lawyers during the Vichy Regime

Lawyers during the Vichy Regime

Exclusion in the Law

(p.133) Chapter 6 Lawyers during the Vichy Regime

Julie Fette

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the Vichy regime's National Revolution, which blamed communists, foreigners, Freemasons, and Jews for the collapse of the Third Republic following the German invasion in 1940. It discusses the new Vichy regime's initiatives that imposed its view of French nationality as a status that could be granted and taken away. It also considers how the interwar mobilization of lawyers and physicians against foreigners and naturalized citizens was sustained under the new regime, highlights the place of anti-Semitism in the regime's exclusionary policies, and analyzes the role played by the law bars in the implementation of the decree eliminating Jews from the legal profession. Finally, it describes the lawyers' use of their intellectual expertise and social inflence to legitimize anti-Semitic measures affecting all of French society during the Vichy regime.

Keywords:   lawyers, Vichy regime, National Revolution, Jews, nationality, physicians, naturalized citizens, anti-Semitism, exclusion, legal profession

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