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ExclusionsPracticing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945$
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Julie Fette

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001

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L’Ordre des Médecins

L’Ordre des Médecins

Corporatist Debut and Anti-Semitic Climax

(p.162) Chapter 7 L’Ordre des Médecins

Julie Fette

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the institution of a corporatist structure in the French medical profession under the Vichy regime. Prior to 1940, the medical profession had no central authority to unify the various career trajectories of physicians into a coherent profession or to set standards for medical practice. In October 1940, the Vichy regime created a Medical Order (Ordre des Médecins), whose centralized corporatist structure would control the right to practice medicine in France. Doctors' control over their membership was the most important prerogative of the Medical Order. This chapter considers the exclusionism of Ordre des Médecins and how doctors became dismayed by the statism inherent in Vichy's style of corporatism. It also discusses the law passed in August 1940 banning foreign-fathered doctors, along with a decree of October 1940 spelling out the process of requesting exemptions from the August law. Finally, it analyzes how xenophobia and anti-Semitism became the cornerstones of the Vichy regime in 1940, citing the implementation of an anti-Semitic quota against Jewish doctors.

Keywords:   corporatism, medical profession, Vichy regime, physicians, Medical Order, exclusionism, Ordre des Médecins, foreign-fathered doctors, anti-Semitism, anti-Semitic quota

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