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ExclusionsPracticing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945$
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Julie Fette

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450211

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.001.0001

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Conclusion

Conclusion

Postwar Continuities and the Rupture of Public Apology

Chapter:
(p.203) Conclusion
Source:
Exclusions
Author(s):

Julie Fette

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0009

This book has examined the mobilization of French lawyers and physicians against foreigners and naturalized citizens, arguing that it was initiated and led “from below.” It has discussed exclusionary legislation restricting access to law and medicine and how this exclusionism strategies were fueled by xenophobia, economic self-defense, and concerns about professional image. It has also shown how corporatist defense, xenophobia, and anti-Semitism became more and more entangled under the Vichy regime. The book concludes by assessing the legacies of professional prejudice by doctors and lawyers, with particular emphasis on their apology-making for their particular roles in applying anti-Semitic legislation during Vichy. This gesture came after President Jacques Chirac's public apology in 1995 for the French state's role in the Holocaust.

Keywords:   lawyers, physicians, foreigners, naturalized citizens, exclusionary legislation, exclusionism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, Vichy regime, prejudice

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