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From Iron Rice Bowl to InformalizationMarkets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China$
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Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ching Kwan Lee, and Mary E. Gallagher

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450242

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450242.001.0001

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(p.188) Chapter 10 Conclusion
From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization

Mary E. Gallagher

Sarosh Kuruvilla

Ching Kwan Lee

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter summarizes the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. The book has examined the evolving tensions among three forces: the market (exemplified by the strategies of state-owned enterprises and private employers), the state (the central government and the party as well as local governments), and the Chinese working class (including workers, labor unions, and civil society). It shows that the future of informal employment in China depends on the continuing interplay between these forces. Evidence suggests that, in the near term, prospects for a significant reduction in informal employment are dim, despite the aggressive efforts of the central Chinese state to curb the practice by introducing new labor laws beginning in 2008.

Keywords:   informal employment, Chinese labor market, China, working class, labor law

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