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Housing the New Russia$
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Jane R. Zavisca

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450372

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450372.001.0001

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Maternity Capitalism

Maternity Capitalism

Grafting Pronatalism onto Housing Policy

(p.69) Chapter 3 Maternity Capitalism
Housing the New Russia

Jane R. Zavisca

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the Russian government's attempts to graft a pronatalist agenda onto housing policy and how the pronatalist turn acquired specific meanings in the context of market transition, a cultural logic it terms “maternity capitalism.” Maternity capital provided starting capital for women and their families; investment capital for the housing market; and human capital for the nation. The state, by determining who deserved this capital and how it could be invested, claimed for itself the right to manage the macroeconomy of reproduction. If citizens endorsed the policy, the state could accrue symbolic capital, that is, legitimacy. This chapter places Russian pronatalism in comparative perspective before discussing maternity capital within the context of civic nationalism. It then considers the cultural logic of Russian pronatalism as well as the state's objectives in disbursing maternity capital. It also explores official discourses on the link between housing and fertility and concludes by highlighting how maternity capital fosters inequality in housing markets.

Keywords:   pronatalism, housing policy, market transition, maternity capitalism, maternity capital, investment capital, reproduction, housing, fertility, housing markets

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