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Reforming Asian Labor SystemsEconomic Tensions and Worker Dissent$
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Frederic C. Deyo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450518

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450518.001.0001

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Export-Oriented Industrialization and State-Enterprise Reform

Export-Oriented Industrialization and State-Enterprise Reform

Restructuring Employment

(p.63) Chapter 4 Export-Oriented Industrialization and State-Enterprise Reform
Reforming Asian Labor Systems

Frederic C. Deyo

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the shift in several Asian countries away from import substitution toward a greater emphasis on export-oriented industrialization (EOI). The shift to EOI occurred initially in Asia's four newly industrializing countries during the 1960s and 1970s, in part in response to new external opportunities created by growing Japanese international subcontracting and direct investment, by expanding world markets, and by increased demand for logistics and supplies on the part of the U.S. military in its prosecution of the Vietnam War. This new strategy, and the dramatic economic transformations and growth with which it was often associated, led many scholars and policymakers to believe that East Asia's open export-led growth offers a new model of outward-oriented market-led industrial development. This chapter first provides an overview of EOI in Asia before discussing state enterprise reform as a strand of economic restructuring and its impact on Asian employment.

Keywords:   import substitution, export-oriented industrialization, Asia, East Asia, state enterprise reform, economic restructuring, employment

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