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Cauldron of ResistanceNgo Dinh Diem, the United States, and 1950s Southern Vietnam$
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Jessica M. Chapman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450617

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450617.001.0001

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The “Sect” Crisis of 1955 and America’s Miracle Man in Vietnam

The “Sect” Crisis of 1955 and America’s Miracle Man in Vietnam

(p.86) Chapter 4 The “Sect” Crisis of 1955 and America’s Miracle Man in Vietnam
Cauldron of Resistance

Jessica M. Chapman

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the “sect” crisis of March and April 1955, the culmination of the open conflict between politico-religious organizations and Ngo Dinh Diem's government that began with the Hinh crisis the previous fall. In response to Ngo Dinh Diem's plans to divide and conquer his domestic political enemies, the Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, and Binh Xuyen came together in a United Front of Nationalist Forces to engage in one last coordinated standoff with the Vietnamese leader. During this time, France and the United States would clash over the latter's support for Ngo Dinh Diem. This chapter first places the sect crisis in context before discussing U.S. ambassador to Saigon Lawton Collins's stand regarding Ngo Dinh Diem's government. It then considers the military clash between the Binh Xuyen and the Vietnamese National Army in Saigon and the end of the United Front. It also explains how the sect crisis became a key turning point in Ngo Dinh Diem's administration and its connection to the United States.

Keywords:   sect crisis, politico-religious organizations, Ngo Dinh Diem, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Binh Xuyen, United Front of Nationalist Forces, France, United States, Lawton Collins

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