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Cauldron of ResistanceNgo Dinh Diem, the United States, and 1950s Southern Vietnam$
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Jessica M. Chapman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450617

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450617.001.0001

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The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam

The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam

(p.173) Chapter 7 The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam
Cauldron of Resistance

Jessica M. Chapman

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how Ngo Dinh Diem's authoritarianism contributed to the rising discontent and indignation that culminated in a revolutionary movement against his government with the formation of the communist-led National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF) in 1960. After he had deposed Bao Dai, Ngo Dinh Diem established a new republican government in South Vietnam and validated his leadership through an ostensibly democratic referendum. For a few short years after 1956, South Vietnam seemed to stand out as a great American success in the global struggle to contain communism and promote democracy. This chapter first considers the Republic of Vietnam's first national assembly election and the drafting of a constitution in 1956 before discussing the NLF's efforts in organizing South Vietnam's disparate antigovernment forces into a unified insurgency against Ngo Dinh Diem.

Keywords:   authoritarianism, National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, communism, democracy, Republic of Vietnam, national assembly, election, constitution, insurgency

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