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Cauldron of ResistanceNgo Dinh Diem, the United States, and 1950s Southern Vietnam$
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Jessica M. Chapman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450617

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450617.001.0001

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The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam

The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam

Chapter:
(p.173) Chapter 7 The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam
Source:
Cauldron of Resistance
Author(s):

Jessica M. Chapman

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450617.003.0008

This chapter examines how Ngo Dinh Diem's authoritarianism contributed to the rising discontent and indignation that culminated in a revolutionary movement against his government with the formation of the communist-led National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF) in 1960. After he had deposed Bao Dai, Ngo Dinh Diem established a new republican government in South Vietnam and validated his leadership through an ostensibly democratic referendum. For a few short years after 1956, South Vietnam seemed to stand out as a great American success in the global struggle to contain communism and promote democracy. This chapter first considers the Republic of Vietnam's first national assembly election and the drafting of a constitution in 1956 before discussing the NLF's efforts in organizing South Vietnam's disparate antigovernment forces into a unified insurgency against Ngo Dinh Diem.

Keywords:   authoritarianism, National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, communism, democracy, Republic of Vietnam, national assembly, election, constitution, insurgency

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