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The World Health Organization between North and South$
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Nitsan Chorev

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450655

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.001.0001

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Structural Transformations of the Global Health Regime

Structural Transformations of the Global Health Regime

(p.226) Conclusion Structural Transformations of the Global Health Regime
The World Health Organization between North and South

Nitsan Chorev

Cornell University Press

This book has examined how the World Health Organization (WHO) bureaucracy responded to external pressures. In the 1970s–1980s and the 1990s–2000s, the WHO adapted to changes in the political environment by advocating policies and programs that could be reconciled with the new dominant logic. In the 1970s–1980s, the WHO secretariat sought to follow the call for a New International Economic Order (NIEO) and in the 1990s–2000s, it embraced neoliberalism. However, the adherence to the external demands was often selective. The book has identified two types of strategies employed by the WHO secretariat to respond to the demands of developing countries for a NIEO and, some decades later, to the demands of developed countries for neoliberal reforms: strategic compliance and strategic resistance. The book concludes by discussing the structural transformations of the global health regime over time and speculating on the likely future of the WHO based on the WHO bureaucracy's recent response to the still-in-formation post–neoliberal global order.

Keywords:   neoliberalism, World Health Organization, New International Economic Order, developed countries, neoliberal reforms, strategic compliance, strategic resistance, global health regime, developing countries

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