Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Frontiers of FearImmigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450686

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM Cornell University Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cornell.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Cornell University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in Cornell for personal use. date: 29 May 2020

Securitization before 9/11

Securitization before 9/11

Chapter:
(p.49) Chapter 2 Securitization before 9/11
Source:
Frontiers of Fear
Author(s):

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.003.0003

This chapter argues that 9/11 did not constitute a dramatic departure from either the U.S. or the European prior stance on the immigration–terrorism nexus. Instead, it suggests that 9/11 marked an intensification of prior policies and that the securitization of immigration policies is the product of a long-term process dating from the mid-1980s. In other words, the connection between terrorism, other criminal activities, and immigration had been constructed in Europe and in the United States before 9/11. This trend was reinforced in the 1990s by the militarization of border controls, coupled with the reclassification of a wide range of activities as national security problems (such as drug trafficking, illegal immigration, and migrant delinquency). This chapter examines the gradual convergence of immigration policies and counterterrorism measures before 9/11 and assesses the current securitization of immigration that uses traditional rhetorical arguments based on two interrelated dimensions: suspicion toward foreign-born people who are perceived as potential members of a “fifth column,” and the classification of those crossing a border as criminals.

Keywords:   immigration securitization, immigration policies, terrorism, immigration, Europe, 9/11, border controls, national security, counterterrorism, fifth column

Cornell Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.