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Frontiers of FearImmigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe$
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Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450686

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.001.0001

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Securitization after 9/11

Securitization after 9/11

Chapter:
(p.77) Chapter 3 Securitization after 9/11
Source:
Frontiers of Fear
Author(s):

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.003.0004

This chapter examines the “security packages” adopted by the U.S. and European governments in the aftermath of 9/11. The terrorism–immigration nexus was solidly consolidated by the events of 9/11 in two ways. First, the belief that foreigners were more liable than citizens to commit terrorist attacks was used to justify a zero-tolerance approach to immigration offenses, tougher controls on borders, and even extraterritorial controls beyond borders. Second, the notion of the “war on terror” implied that the scope of U.S. counterterrorism policy should be expanded in order to respond to the global nature of the threat. This chapter first discusses U.S. and European security-driven immigration policies before considering how Europe and the United States subscribed to the “emergency times” doctrine and thus adopted “exceptional” measures designed to enhance homeland security. It argues that security concerns allowed the U.S. and European governments to circumvent both constitutional rules and international conventions.

Keywords:   homeland security, 9/11, terrorism, immigration, war on terror, counterterrorism, immigration policies, Europe, United States, emergency times doctrine

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