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Frontiers of FearImmigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe$
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Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450686

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.001.0001

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Radicalization in the West

Radicalization in the West

Chapter:
(p.165) Chapter 6 Radicalization in the West
Source:
Frontiers of Fear
Author(s):

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.003.0007

This chapter examines the concept of the “enemy inside.” Belonging to a particular ethnic group or religious community has become a security threat in itself. The category of the “others” has therefore continued to expand: today it includes all those who not only threaten but also are perceived as threatening national unity and public security. A “law and order” approach has informed inclusive practices (such as an access to citizenship and a process of cultural assimilation) that may, paradoxically, have exclusionary effects. This chapter first discusses the rise of the so-called “terrorist next door” phenomenon before considering how the war on terror paradoxically provides further opportunities to homegrown terrorists by imposing measures designed to address the issue of the “enemy inside.” It then explores whether socioeconomic deprivation plays a key role in the radicalization process and how a sense of alienation cultivates discrimination and resentment. It also looks at cultural and religious factors that promote radicalization and concludes by assessing U.S. and European efforts to prevent further Islamist radicalization.

Keywords:   enemy inside, homegrown terrorists, war on terror, socioeconomic deprivation, radicalization, alienation, discrimination, resentment, Islam

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