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Frontiers of FearImmigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe$
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Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450686

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.001.0001

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Immigration, Economic Interests, and Politics

Immigration, Economic Interests, and Politics

(p.222) Chapter 8 Immigration, Economic Interests, and Politics
Frontiers of Fear

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows that Western states do not adequately address the major “pull factors” of immigration. Both Europe and the United States believe that immigration policy should include control of the “pull factors,” such as job opportunities, access to social benefits, and civic integration. This belief is currently the basis of the “selective immigration” policy—a system inspired by the Canadian and Australian policies, providing “points” for education, skills in demand, and working experience. This chapter first considers the notion of “selective immigration” and false assumptions about the migration phenomenon before discussing the consequences of public policy choices, as well as the main motivations of the receiving states, by focusing on their hidden agendas. It then examines how the securitization of immigration in the aftermath of 9/11 has affected the nature of the politics of immigration policies. It also analyzes how the securitization of immigration policies in the United States and Europe is intertwined with electoral dynamics.

Keywords:   immigration policy, Europe, United States, selective immigration, public policy, immigration securitization, 9/11, immigration policies, electoral dynamics, immigration politics

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