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Frontiers of FearImmigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe$
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Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450686

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.001.0001

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Threats to Western Democracy

(p.248) Conclusion
Frontiers of Fear

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Cornell University Press

This book concludes by analyzing the actual effects of the trade-off between civil rights and public security. It first examines two arguments used to justify the current securitization of immigration policies on both sides of the Atlantic. The first focuses on the notion of the “lesser evil”—policies justified by the nature and the extent of the threat are still less evil than those taken by the enemies of democracy. The second argument is that emergency security measures take effect temporarily, only in times of crisis, and therefore normal legal processes will be restored in peacetime. Western democracies have relied on these arguments since 9/11 to justify policies that have diminished individual civil liberties, limited basic rights and freedoms, and strengthened executive power. This book discusses the collateral damages caused by securitization of immigration to vulnerable populations, the link between security and liberty, and the “state of exception,” along with their implications for public safety, public discourse, and the future of democracy in America and Europe.

Keywords:   public security, immigration securitization, immigration policies, democracy, emergency security measures, civil liberties, collateral damages, liberty, public discourse

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