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Balkan SmokeTobacco and the Making of Modern Bulgaria$
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Mary C. Neuburger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450846

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450846.001.0001

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No Smoke without Fire

No Smoke without Fire

Tobacco and Transformation, 1878–1914

(p.43) Chapter 2 No Smoke without Fire
Balkan Smoke

Mary C. Neuburger

Cornell University Press

This chapter explores the social and cultural transformations that coincided with the growth of the tobacco industry in Bulgaria during the period 1878–1914. In 1892, Bulgaria was still an amalgam of elements, not yet untangled from the Ottoman past and still trying to negotiate a future within Europe. This was a process that would unfold, among other ways, through internal and international economic relationships and commodity exchange. By the 1890s tobacco was a central player in such interactions as one of the few highly valuable and marketable Bulgarian commodities with an immediate potential for export growth. This chapter charts the rapid expansion of tobacco cultivation, processing, and commerce in Bulgaria that began in the late nineteenth century and how tobacco came to play a central role in the country's economy and social life. It also examines how tobacco became embroiled in Bulgarian politics as well as social and ethnic conflict and concludes by discussing the impact of World War I on Bulgarian tobacco.

Keywords:   tobacco industry, Bulgaria, tobacco, commerce, economy, social life, politics, ethnic conflict, World War I

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