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Atomic AssistanceHow "Atoms for Peace" Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity$
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Matthew Fuhrmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450907

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.001.0001

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The Historical Record

The Historical Record

A First Cut

(p.49) Chapter 3 The Historical Record
Atomic Assistance

Matthew Fuhrmann

Cornell University Press

This chapter tests the three main politico-strategic reasons and the alternative explanations for peaceful nuclear assistance using statistical analysis and a dataset on peaceful nuclear cooperation. Countries use peaceful nuclear assistance to: keep their allies and alliances strong; constrain their adversaries by cultivating closer ties with states that are vulnerable to influence or aggression from their enemies; and prop up existing democracies (if the supplier is also a democracy). The initial findings lend support to these explanations; all of the variables operationalizing the proposed theory are statistically correlated with the signing of nuclear cooperation agreements (NCAs). The chapter also considers whether the determinants of military assistance are similar to the correlates of peaceful nuclear assistance. Finally, it discusses the impact of the Nuclear Suppliers Group on peaceful nuclear cooperation, especially with regards to the type of NCAs that countries sign.

Keywords:   peaceful nuclear assistance, peaceful nuclear cooperation, alliances, enemies, democracies, nuclear cooperation agreements, military assistance, Nuclear Suppliers Group

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