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Atomic AssistanceHow "Atoms for Peace" Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity$
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Matthew Fuhrmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450907

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.001.0001

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Nuclear Arms and Influence

Nuclear Arms and Influence

Assisting India, Iran, and Libya

(p.81) Chapter 4 Nuclear Arms and Influence
Atomic Assistance

Matthew Fuhrmann

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines whether the three main politico-strategic reasons and the alternative explanations for peaceful nuclear cooperation discussed previously operate correctly in actual cases of assistance. It analyzes three successfully predicted cases: U.S. assistance to Iran (1957–1979); Soviet assistance to Libya (1975–1986); and Canadian assistance to India (1955–1977). It also considers U.S. nuclear cooperation with India (2001–2008). In the United States–Iran case, there is evidence that a desire to strengthen the military alliance and counter the influence of the Soviet Union motivated Washington to initiate peaceful nuclear assistance to Tehran. The Soviet–Libya case can be explained by a desire to counter the influence of a shared adversary: United States. The Canada–India case ought to yield evidence that atomic aid occurred in part because India was a democracy. Finally, the United States–India case implies that countering the influence of a common adversary, China, and strengthening an existing democracy should be salient.

Keywords:   peaceful nuclear cooperation, peaceful nuclear assistance, Iran, Libya, India, United States, Soviet Union, Canada, democracy, China

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