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Atomic AssistanceHow "Atoms for Peace" Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity$
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Matthew Fuhrmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450907

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.001.0001

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Oil for Peaceful Nuclear Assistance?

Oil for Peaceful Nuclear Assistance?

(p.129) Chapter 6 Oil for Peaceful Nuclear Assistance?
Atomic Assistance

Matthew Fuhrmann

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines whether exchanging oil for nuclear technology is a compelling motivation for peaceful nuclear assistance across a broader set of cases or whether it explains only a handful of outliers. It also considers whether there is a significant relationship between being an oil producer and receiving nonsafety assistance in developing a civil nuclear program by analyzing statistical data on nonsafety nuclear cooperation agreements against oil-producing countries for the period 1950–2000. Finally, it presents some additional qualitative evidence linking oil production and peaceful nuclear cooperation. The chapter notes important differences in patterns of atomic assistance during periods when oil prices rise substantially and suggests that suppliers are more likely to engage in oil-for-nuclear technology swaps when they are concerned about their energy security. Furthermore, the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty variable is positively correlated with nuclear assistance.

Keywords:   nuclear technology, peaceful nuclear assistance, nuclear cooperation agreements, oil-producing countries, oil production, peaceful nuclear cooperation, oil prices, oil exchange, energy security, Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty

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