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Atomic AssistanceHow "Atoms for Peace" Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity$
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Matthew Fuhrmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450907

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.001.0001

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Spreading Temptation

Spreading Temptation

Why Nuclear Export Strategies Backfire

Chapter:
(p.143) Chapter 7 Spreading Temptation
Source:
Atomic Assistance
Author(s):

Matthew Fuhrmann

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.003.0008

This chapter examines whether civilian nuclear assistance raises the likelihood that countries will begin nuclear weapons programs, particularly if they experience an international crisis after receiving aid. Using a theory of proliferation, it shows that nuclear cooperation can result in nuclear weapons pursuit in the absence of protracted security threats. The chapter analyzes two cases using qualitative analysis: nuclear decision making in South Africa and India. Statistical tests revealed a correlation between nuclear cooperation agreements and nuclear weapons program initiation, while security threats condition the relationship between peaceful nuclear cooperation and nuclear weapons pursuit becomes stronger as countries experience a greater number of militarized disputes with other states. There is no evidence that states without weapons programs engage in “nuclear hedging.”

Keywords:   civilian nuclear assistance, nuclear weapons programs, proliferation, South Africa, India, nuclear cooperation agreements, peaceful nuclear cooperation, nuclear hedging, security threats

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