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Atomic AssistanceHow "Atoms for Peace" Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity$
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Matthew Fuhrmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450907

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.001.0001

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Conclusion

Conclusion

What Peaceful Nuclear Assistance Teaches Us about International Relations

Chapter:
(p.239) Conclusion
Source:
Atomic Assistance
Author(s):

Matthew Fuhrmann

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.003.0011

This book has examined how states use economic statecraft to achieve foreign policy objectives and the ways in which attempts to influence the behavior of other states can have unintended consequences for international security. It has discussed why nuclear weapons suppliers provide peaceful nuclear assistance to other countries, whether assistance raises the likelihood of nuclear weapons proliferation, and, whether international institutions have influenced the nuclear marketplace and mitigated the potential perils of atomic assistance. Using statistical tests and qualitative historical analysis, it has shown that suppliers use aid to strengthen their allies and alliances, to forge partnerships with enemies of enemies, and to prop up existing democracies (if the supplier is also a democracy). Suppliers also resort to oil-for-nuclear technology swaps when they are worried about their energy security. The book concludes by considering some of the lessons that can be drawn from peaceful nuclear cooperation within the context of international relations. It also offers recommendations to reduce—although probably not eliminate—the perils of atomic assistance.

Keywords:   economic statecraft, foreign policy, international security, nuclear weapons, peaceful nuclear assistance, proliferation, oil exchange, nuclear technology, energy security, international relations, peaceful nuclear cooperation

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