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The Big SqueezeA Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram$
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Handel Reynolds

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450938

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.001.0001

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Timing Is Everything

Timing Is Everything

(p.5) 1 Timing Is Everything
The Big Squeeze

Handel Reynolds

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines three principal movements that set the stage for the auspicious debut of the process of mammography screening. First, the passage of the National Cancer Act of 1971 provided massive new federal funding for the United States's anticancer effort and significantly elevated the status of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Of all its provisions, the allocation of $90 million to fund cooperative cancer control programs with state or private agencies would prove pivotal in the establishment of mammographic screening. Second, the women's health movement of the 1960s and 1970s, which was intertwined with the feminist movement of the same period, was motivated by a viewpoint that women did not have ultimate control over their own bodies and their own health. Third, the American Cancer Society's (ACS) efforts against cervical cancer that began in the 1950s would come to define its approach to screening mammography some decades later.

Keywords:   mammography, mammograms, breast cancer screening, National Cancer Act of 1971, women's health movement, American Cancer Society, cervical cancer

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